I am used to saying that the camera work for fiction and the videography for the documentary are completely different professions.
In first case one should know the organizational rules of lighting, camera movement, stability etc and follow it. Whereas for the second case one should have a well-developed sense of creativity and quick orientation. If there is a conflict between a technically excellent shot and a catchy shot, the documentary videography prefers the second one.
In case of fiction, the technical problems are not reasonable as it’s possible to re-stage and try many times. This principle is not possible to use for a pure documentary. In short, cameramen of a documentary shouldn’t act with the principles they are used to use in fiction production.
The documentary film cameraman should possess skills about the following categories:
- Cameraman as an editor
- Camera movement and shot sizes