I am used to say that the cameraman for fiction and cameraman for documentary are completely different professions – in first case one should know rules of lighting, camera movement, stability etc and follow it. Whereas for second case one should have a well developed sense of creativity and quick orientation. If there is a conflict between a technically excellent shot and a catchy shot, documentary film prefers the second one. But in case of fiction the technical problems are not reasonable as it’s possible to re-stage and try many times. This principle is not possible to use in pure documentary. In short, Cameramen shouldn’t act in a documentary with the principles they are uses to use in fiction production.
The documentary film cameraman should possess skills about the following categories:
- Cameraman as an editor
- Camera movement and shot sizes